Certainly! Here are some common psychological effects explained with brief examples:

1. **Confirmation Bias:** People tend to seek out information that confirms their existing beliefs or biases while ignoring evidence that contradicts them. For example, someone who believes in conspiracy theories may only pay attention to sources that support those theories.

2. **Cognitive Dissonance:** This occurs when a person experiences conflicting thoughts or beliefs, leading to discomfort. For instance, someone who smokes but knows it's unhealthy may experience cognitive dissonance.

3. **Stockholm Syndrome:** This psychological phenomenon occurs when hostages develop positive feelings towards their captors. An example is when kidnapped individuals start sympathizing with their abductors.

4. **Placebo Effect:** This is when a person experiences a real improvement in their condition after receiving a treatment that has no therapeutic effect. For example, someone might feel better after taking a sugar pill they believe is medicine.

5. **Halo Effect:** This is when a person's overall impression of someone influences their judgments about that person's character or actions. An example is assuming that a physically attractive person is also kind and intelligent.

6. **Bystander Effect:** This is the phenomenon where individuals are less likely to help a victim when others are present. For instance, in a crowded area, people may assume someone else will intervene, leading to inaction.

7. **Fundamental Attribution Error:** This is the tendency to attribute others' behavior to internal characteristics while overlooking situational factors. An example could be judging a person who is late for a meeting as lazy, without considering the possibility of traffic or other circumstances.

Remember, these are just brief explanations, and each psychological effect is complex and has a wide range of implications in different contexts.

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